MBTA Communities Zoning
Section 3A of the Zoning Act provides: An MBTA community shall have a zoning ordinance or by-law that provides for at least 1 district of reasonable size in which multi-family housing is permitted as of right; provided, however, that such multi-family housing shall be without age restrictions and shall be suitable for families with children. For the purposes of this section, a district of reasonable size shall: (i) have a minimum gross density of 15 units per acre, subject to any further limitations imposed by section 40 of chapter 131 and title 5 of the state environmental code established pursuant to section 13 of chapter 21A; and (ii) be located not more than 0.5 miles from a commuter rail station, subway station, ferry terminal or bus station, if applicable.
The purpose of Section 3A is to encourage the production of multi-family housing by requiring MBTA communities to adopt zoning districts where multi-family housing is allowed as of right, and that meet other requirements set forth in the statute. Grafton is designated as an "Adjacent Community." Adjacent community means an MBTA community that (i) has within its boundaries less than 100 acres of developable station area, and (ii) is not an adjacent small town. Adjacent communities must comply with the new law by December 31, 2024.
Grafton is working with the Central MA Regional Planning Commission to modify zoning to comply with Section 3A. If you have any questions, comments, or would like be be involved in the process, please email email@example.com.
Guidelines, resources, and other information from the state can be found on the Executive Office of Housing and Livable Communities' website: https://www.mass.gov/info-details/multi-family-zoning-requirement-for-mbta-communities and on the 3A Resource Hub for Cohort Communities: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/10qnNeNmed9WFKdWXy_1JWKWhZNHxhxvG
- 2023 Grafton 40A 3ATA Scope and Cost Proposal
- BOS Memo 1-17-23 -MBTA Communities
- CHAPA - Section 3A Overview (2022)
- Community Engagement 101 MBTA Communities
- Storytelling for Change
- The Benefits of Walkable, Transit-oriented, Multifamily communities
- The Waning Influence of Housing Production on Public School Enrollment in MA
- Grafton Action Plan for MBTA Communities Submission
- Grafton Interim Compliance Approval Letter
- Update to the MBTA Communities Guidelines on Affordability (10.21.22)
- MBTA Communities Sample Zoning (March 2023)
- MBTA Communities Update to Planning Board (3-13-23)
- Grafton MBTA Presentation to Planning Board (4-10-23)
- 3A Presentation to CHAPA MBTAc cohort 8 16 23
- MBTA Overlay Map - 2023 ATM Article - Warrant Submission - August 2023
- MBTA Communities Section 14 - 2023 ATM Article - Warrant Submission - August 2023
- Economic Feasibility Analysis Details
- Grafton EFA Report Draft B2 8-28-23